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The Commonwealth of the Bahamas, legendary formally because the Commonwealth of The Commonwealth of the Bahamas, could be a country at intervals the Lucayan solid ground. The ground state consists of over 700 islands, cays, and islets within the Atlantic Ocean, and is found north of Cuba and island (Haiti and also the Dominican Republic), northwest of the Turks and Caicos Islands, southeast of the U.S. state of Florida, and east of the key. The capital is national capital on the island of recent Providence. The designation of "the Bahamas" will refer either to the country or to the larger island chain that it shares with the Turks and Caicos Islands. The Royal Commonwealth of the Bahamas organization describes the Bahamas territory as encompassing 470,000 km2 (180,000 sq mi) of ocean house.

The Commonwealth of the Bahamas is that the website of Columbus's 1st landfall within the New World in 1492. At that point, the islands were settled by the Lucayans, a branch of the Arawakan-speaking Taíno folks. though the Spanish ne'er inhabited The Commonwealth of the Bahamas, they shipped the native Lucayans to slavery in the island. The islands were principally deserted from 1513 till 1648, once English colonists from Bermuda settled on the island of Eleuthera.

The Commonwealth of the Bahamas became a Crown colony in 1718, once land clamped down on piracy. once the yank War of Independence, the Crown relocated thousands of yank Loyalists within the Bahamas; they brought their slaves with them and established plantations toward land grants. Africans recognized the bulk of the population from this era. The traffic was abolished by land in 1807; slavery within the Commonwealth of the Bahamas was abolished in 1834. afterward, the Commonwealth of the Bahamas became a haven for freed African slaves; the Royal Navy relocated Africans there liberated from contraband slave ships, North yank slaves and Seminoles at liberty here from Florida, and also the government freed slaves carried on U.S.A. domestic ships that had reached the Commonwealth of the Bahamas because of weather. Today, Afro-Bahamians compose nearly ninetieth of the population.

The Commonwealth of the Bahamas became AN freelance Commonwealth realm in 1973, retentive land monarch, then and presently Queen Elizabeth, as its head of state. In terms of gross domestic product per capita, The Commonwealth of the Bahamas is one in every of the richest countries within the Americas (following us and Canada), with AN economy supported business enterprise and finance.

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